Mendonca, P.C.; Gamperl, A.K. (2010). The effects of acute changes in temperature and oxygen availability on cardiac performance in winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus). Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology A-molecular & Integrative Physiology. 155 (2) 245-252.
Studies On How Flatfish Cardiovascular Function Responds To Environmental Challenges Are Limited, And Have Largely Relied Upon Indirect Methodologies (i.e. Fick Principle). Thus, We Measured Dorsal Aortic Blood Pressure (p-da) And Cardiac Function In 8 And 15 Degrees C-acclimated Flounder Exposed To Graded Hypoxia, And In 8 Degrees C-acclimated Fish Exposed To An Acute Temperature Increase To Their Critical Thermal Maximum (ctm). The Extent Of Bradycardia In 8 Degrees C-acclimated Fish (decrease In Heart Rate Of 41%) Was Consistent With That Observed For Other Teleosts, As Was This Species' Ctm (25.8 +/- 0.5 Degrees C) And Its Cardiac Response To Increasing Temperature. However, This Study Provides Further Examples Of How Cardiovascular Function Is Controlled Differently In The Flounder As Compared With Other Fishes. First, The Onset Of Bradycardia In 8 Degrees C-acclimated Fish Occurred Earlier Than Expected For This Inactive And Hypoxia-tolerant Species (60% Water Air Saturation). Second, Resting Cardiac Output Was Similar In Flounder Acclimated To 8 And 15 Degrees C (similar To 15 Ml Min(-1) Kg(-1)), And Hypoxic Bradycardia Was Surprisingly Absent At 15 Degrees C Finally, Systemic Vascular Resistance Decreased When Flounder Were Exposed To Elevated Temperature, And This Resulted In A 26% Fall In P-da. These Are Novel Findings, However, The Extent To Which The Flounder's Behaviour Influenced Some Of The Results Is Unclear. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All Rights Reserved.