Lewis, J.M.; Hori, T.S.; Rise, M.L.; Walsh, P.J.; Currie, S. (2010). Transcriptome responses to heat stress in the nucleated red blood cells of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Physiological Genomics. 42 (3) 361-373.
Lewis JM, Hori TS, Rise ML, Walsh PJ, Currie S. Transcriptome responses to heat stress in the nucleated red blood cells of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Physiol Genomics 42: 361-373, 2010. First published June 15, 2010; doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00067.2010.-The retention of a nucleus in the mature state of fish red blood cells (RBCs) and the ability to easily collect and manipulate blood in nonterminal experiments make blood an ideal tissue on which to study the cellular stress response in fish. Through the use of the cGRASP 16K salmonid microarray, we investigated differences in RBC global gene transcription in fish held under control conditions (11 degrees C) and exposed to heat stress (1 h at 25 degrees C followed by recovery at 11 degrees C). Repeated blood sampling (via a dorsal aorta cannula) enables us to examine the individual stress response over time. Samples were taken preheat stress (representing individual control) and at 4 and 24 h postheat stress (representing early and late transcriptional regulation). Approximately 3,000 microarray features had signal above threshold when hybridized with RBC RNA-derived targets, and cannulation did not have a detectable effect on RBC mRNA expression at the investigated time points. Genes involved in the stress response, immune response, and apoptosis were among those showing the highest dysregulation during both early and late transcriptional regulation. Additionally, genes related to the differentiation and development of blood cells were transcriptionally upregulated at the 24 h time point. This study provides a broader understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the stress response in fish and the discovery of novel genes that are regulated in a stress specific manner. Moreover, salmonid transcripts that are consistently dysregulated in blood in response to heat stress are potential candidates of nonlethal biomarkers of exposure to this particular stressor.