Both, A.; Parrish, C.C.; Penney, R.W.; Thompson, R.J. (2011). Lipid composition of Mytilus edulis reared on organic waste from a Gadus morhua aquaculture facility. Aquatic Living Resources. 24 (3) 295-301.
the purpose of this study was to determine biochemical changes occurring in blue mussels (mytilus edulis) fed effluent from an atlantic cod (gadus morhua) aquaculture facility over a period of ten weeks, compared to those in mussels fed a commercial shellfish diet and those supplied only filtered seawater. the total lipid and fatty acid content (mg g(-1) wet weight) significantly decreased for mussels fed effluent during the experiment. the only change in the lipid class composition (% total lipid) at the end of the experiment was a significant increase in the proportion of acetone mobile polar lipids. there were several significant changes in the fatty acid composition (% total fatty acid) including an increase in the proportion of 18:1 omega 9, 18:2 omega 6, 20:4 omega 6, 21:5 omega 3 and the dienoic non-methylene-interrupted fatty acids 20:2a and 22:2b and significant decreases in the proportions of 16:0, 18:4 omega 3 and 20:5 omega 3. the increase in non-methylene interrupted dienes suggests that the amount of essential fatty acids in the effluent may be insufficient for optimal mussel growth. the presence of the terrestrial plant marker 18:2 omega 6 in both the fish feed and the effluent and its increased proportion in mussels fed effluent suggest that this fatty acid may have potential as a marker for aquaculture wastes.